Personal care treatments

Imperfections: types and treatments

A blemish is any type of mark or spot on the skin. Skin conditions ranging from acne to melasma to skin cancer can cause blemishes.Although their appearances cause concern, many blemishes are harmless. If you’re ever concerned about a spot, let your doctor know.

This article discusses seven potential types of blemishes that people can experience and their treatments.

Inésio Samuel/Stocksy United

Acne is a common skin condition which affects most people at one time or another in their lives. It happens when the hair follicles become clogged with dead skin cells and oil. Acne usually appears on the face. However, it can also develop on the back, chest, or shoulders.

There are several types of acne, including:

You might be able to improve your acne by following a few simple skin care practices:

  • Cleanse your skin gently in the morning, evening and after exercise. Rinse with lukewarm water. Avoid strong soaps and harsh scouring pads, as they can make acne worse.
  • If you tend to have oily hair, wash it regularly.
  • Avoid touching and picking your pimples as this can cause scarring.
  • Use water-based and oil-free cosmetics. Look for products that are non-comedogenic, which means they won’t clog your pores.

If you think your acne is severe and needs medical treatment, talk to your doctor or dermatologist. After evaluating your skin, they can recommend some of the following treatments:

  • Antibiotics: These drugs can slow or stop the growth of bacteria, thereby reducing inflammation.
  • Benzoyl Peroxide: This can help kill bacteria and decrease sebum production.
  • Retinoids: These help reduce inflammation, scarring and acne formation.
  • Salicylic acid: This acid reduces the shedding of dead skin cells while breaking down blackheads and whiteheads.
  • Corticosteroid injections: These can help treat severe or painful rashes.

Learn more about acne here.

Birthmarks are skin imperfections present at birth. Most of them are not seriousand some may resolve on their own.

There are several types of birthmarks:

  • Vascular birthmarks: These are areas of the skin where blood vessels do not form properly. As a result, the skin appears red or discolored. Other names for these birthmarks include hemangiomas or port wine stains.
  • Pigmented birthmarks: These are areas with a cluster of pigmented cells that darken the skin. These can appear as tan, brown, gray, black or blue spots.
  • Moles : These are dark, raised bumps on the skin.

Treatments for birthmarks

Most birthmarks do not require treatment. However, a person may wish to have them removed for cosmetic purposes.

Laser surgery can correct vascular birthmarks.

However, mole birthmarks can become cancerous. As such, they require observation over time. Tell your dermatologist if you notice a mole growing, changing shape, bleeding, or itching.

Pigment changes can cause blemishes on your skin. Pigment refers to the color of your skin. Special skin cells make a pigment called melanin, which gives your skin its color.

Some medical conditions affect melanin-producing cells, causing a change in skin pigment. Hyperpigmentation refers to the darkening of the skin. In contrast, hypopigmentation refers to the lightening of the skin.

Several conditions can cause different pigment changes in the skin, including:

  • Sun exposure
  • vitiligo
  • melasma
  • scars
  • age spots

Treatments for Pigment Changes

Depending on the cause, a few types of treatments can help reduce differences in skin pigmentation:

  • chemical peels
  • dermabrasion
  • laser resurfacing
  • light therapy

Additionally, prescription creams can help correct hyperpigmentation. These creams usually contain hydroquinone, tretinoin or cortisone.

Regular use of sunscreen can help prevent further pigment changes from sun exposure.

Skin cancer is the The most common type of cancer in the United States. Anyone can get skin cancer, but some people are at higher risk. One of the best ways to prevent skin cancer is to reduce sun exposure or avoid artificial UV light sources, such as tanning beds.

The most common types of skin cancer include:

Although not all skin changes indicate skin cancer, it is good to be aware of the possible signs and symptoms:

  • a wound that does not heal
  • new growth
  • old growth changing

Moreover, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) describes the ABCDEs of melanoma symptoms:

  • A for asymmetrical: Do your skin spots have irregular shapes?
  • B for border: Are the borders of moles or spots irregular?
  • C like color: Is the stain color uneven?
  • D for diameter: Is the stain bigger than a pea?
  • E to evolve: Have any spots or moles changed over weeks or months?

Skin cancer treatments

Early treatment is best for skin cancer. There are several types of treatments for skin cancer depending on the type and stage of the cancer.

Treatment May include:

Learn more about skin cancer.

Several types of cysts can occur on the skin. Cysts are sacs that contain liquid keratin, a protein found in skin and hair. They are common on the face, neck and chest.

There are several types of cysts, including:

Treatment for cysts usually involves surgical removal of the cysts.

scars Result of the healing process. Surgical procedures, trauma, and severe skin inflammation are among the many factors that can cause wounds to heal.

There are several types of scars, including:

  • hypertrophic scars, which may be thick, raised, and red or pink, depending on skin tone
  • keloids, which are growths of scar tissue that appear pink or purple (on light skin) and brown or flesh-colored (on dark skin)
  • atrophic scars, which are indented scars

When it comes to treating scars, several treatments are available. These may include:

  • chemical peels
  • dermabrasion
  • laser resurfacing
  • fillers

Cold sores are blisters that develop due to the herpes simplex virus. They usually develop on one side of the lips. However, they can spread into the mouth or the skin around it. Cold sores usually disappear in 1 to 2 weeks.

Cold sore treatments

Although cold sores do not require treatment, your doctor may recommend topical or oral antiviral medications to promote healing.

Learn more about cold sores.

Although most blemishes are harmless, sometimes they can indicate an underlying condition. Signs that your stain may be more serious include:

  • changes in color, size or shape
  • bleeding
  • irregular borders

Call your healthcare professional if you experience these signs in your spot.

Sometimes blemishes like acne or cysts can become infected. Symptoms of infection include:

  • increased tenderness or pain
  • redness
  • heat
  • dump

Call a healthcare professional if you think you have an infection.

Blemishes can affect any part of the skin and result from many different conditions. Some blemishes can disappear with topical treatments. Others may require surgical removal or more intensive treatments by a medical professional.

If in doubt about any type of skin defect, contact your doctor.