Personal care treatments

Bipolar Disorder Explained: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments

Psychotherapy treatment incorporates methods that help patients relieve stress and function better in society (via ScienceDirect). Patients get information that helps them better understand their disease and manage the symptoms and triggers associated with it. Integrating psychotherapy into the care of people with bipolar disorder cuts relapse rates by nearly half compared to medication alone (via The Medical Journal of Australia).

A common type of psychotherapy is cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). Patients learn to identify negative thoughts and feelings, and how to reframe and think more positively. You are encouraged to participate in activities that make you happy, especially during a depressive episode via (for Nami). Many people with bipolar disorder avoid their triggers. CBT teaches them to overcome avoidance and relax (via Psycom).

Another potential psychotherapeutic treatment is interpersonal and social rhythm therapy (IPSRT). As Stephen Ferrando, director of psychiatry at Westchester Medical Center Health Network (WMC Health), told Psycom, IPSRT “helps people with bipolar disorder understand what gets worse and what triggers their illness.” ISPRT teaches patients how their actions affect their mood. For example, Dr. Ferrando mentions that sleep disturbances caused by bipolar disorder often trigger episodes. Thus, patients can learn skills in sleep management.

Family Centered Treatment (FFT) helps loved ones learn more about bipolar disorder, enabling better relationships and helping those closest to the patient understand triggers and determine when medications are not taken as noted. FFT is best for those with depressive episodes (via MJA).